ITU Journal: ICT Discoveries

The ITU Journal: ICT Discoveries publishes original research on ICT technical developments and their policy and regulatory, economic, social and legal dimensions. It builds bridges between disciplines, connects theory with application, and stimulates international dialogue. This interdisciplinary approach reflects ITU’s comprehensive field of interest and explores the convergence of ICT with other disciplines. It also features review articles, best practice implementation tutorials and case studies. The ITU Journal welcomes submissions at any time, on any topic within its scope.


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A New Set of Directional Weights for ITU-R BS.1770 Loudness Measurement of Multichannel Audio

Abstract – The ITU-R BS.1770 multichannel loudness algorithm performs a sum of channel energies with weighting coefficients based on azimuth and elevation angles of arrival of the audio signal. In its current version, these coefficients were estimated based on binaural summation gains and not on subjective directional loudness. Also, the algorithm lacks directional weights for wider elevation angles (|| ≥ 30°). A listening test with broadband stimuli was conducted to collect subjective data on directional effects. The results were used to calculate a new set of directional weights. A modified version of the loudness algorithm with these estimated weights was tested against its benchmark using the collected data, and using program material rendered to reproduction systems with different loudspeaker configurations. The modified algorithm performed better than the benchmark, particularly with reproduction systems with more loudspeakers positioned out of the horizontal plane.


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